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The Newsletter of the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation June 2017  
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  SPOTLIGHT:
PRC Publications on Bar Study Results
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Editorial Staff
Editor in Chief:
Diane Williams

Managing Editor:
Joey Dacanay

Production Assistant:
Alexis Lumpkins
 
Contributors to this Issue
  • Raul Caetano
  • Karen Friend
  • Paul LaVoie
  • Juliet Lee
  • Bernie Murphy

 

Spotlight

PRC Publications on Bar Study Results

Juliet Lee
Senior Research Scientist
Prevention Research Center

Two publications from a study conducted by the scientists at PRC (R01AA019773; PI: JP Lee) highlight risks related to over-concentration of alcohol-serving establishments in communities. PRC scientists collected and analyzed data in and around bars across 6 mid-sized California cities. Innovative methods in this study included a micro-environmental approach to analyzing area effects, and a mixed methods design integrating both qualitative and quantitative ethnographic data collected in bars with archival data on crime and area conditions. The researchers found that assaults were associated with both neighborhood conditions (greater bar density, greater physical disorder, lower population density, and lower income) and barroom conditions (more patrons, more dancing and louder music). They further found that loopholes in local policy conditions allowed establishments licensed as restaurants to operate as de facto bars and clubs, in effect adding to the density of bars in communities, including bars operating under risky conditions, in late night hours. PRC scientists in this study have included Juliet Lee, Chris Morrison, Paul Gruenewald, Anna Pagano, Christina Mair, and the late Andrew Treno, as well as past-PRC scientist Friedner Wittman. 

Morrison, C., Mair, C. F., Lee, J. P., & Gruenewald, P. J. (2015). Are Barroom and Neighborhood Characteristics Independently Related to Local-Area Assaults? Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research, 39(12), 2463–2470. http://doi.org/10.1111/acer.12910; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4712721

Lee, J. P., Pagano, A., Morrison, C., Gruenewald, P. J., & Wittman, F. (2017) Late Night Environments: Bar “Morphing” Increases Risky Alcohol Sales in On-Premise Outlets. Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy (May 2017 early online).  http://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/4eKSDUFXQeVkVfTw2jiw/full.