McMillan, G. P.
; Lapham, S.
; and C'de Baca, J. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
, vol. 70, pgs. 143-6 (2009)ABSTRACT. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule, Version III, Revised (DIS-IIIR), rescoring algorithm when compared with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), diagnoses established using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI). The research question is "Does our DIS-III-R rescore accurately reflect DSM-IV diagnoses established independently using the CIDI?"
Method: One hundred subjects were administered the CIDI and the DISIII-R alcohol-use modules. The DIS-III-R criteria were rescored to the DSM-IV diagnosis using our published algorithm. The specificity of the rescore, along with the sensitivity for abuse and dependence diagnoses, was computed.
Results: The rescoring algorithm showed good sensitivity for lifetime alcohol abuse (60.4%) and dependence (80.0%) but poor specificity (0.0%). Current alcohol dependence was diagnosed with high sensitivity (100.0%) and moderate specificity (40.2%). Current alcohol abuse was diagnosed with poor sensitivity (18.2%).
Conclusions: Our algorithm can be used to rescore DIS-III-R data to DSM-IV alcohol-use diagnoses, but one must use caution with respect to the timeframe of alcohol-use disorders and the specific diagnosis.