Water for a Generation: Bringing Clean Water to Rural Communities in Swaziland
Sponsor: Coca-Cola Foundation of South Africa
01/01/09 - 06/30/13
Many communities in Swaziland lack access to clean water, and must rely either on ground water or on open springs, which are often shared by animals as water sources or contaminated by trash. Many of these water sources are at considerable distances from the communities they serve, and females who retrieve water are at risk for assault. Contaminated water results in a variety of negative outcomes, particularly diarrhea and dysentery in children. With support from the Coca-Cola Foundation of South Africa, Strategic Applications International is drilling boreholes in many rural Swaziland communities and distributing clean water through a system of standpipes. PIRE is conducting an evaluation of the effects of this effort by supervising a household survey of key informants in domiciles within a one kilometer radius of these standpipes. Before these communities receive clean water, surveyors are approaching each household in teams of two to identify key adult informants and ask them questions concerning the their number of children and adults in the home and whether they have suffered from diarrhea in the previous two weeks as well as questions concerning the distance family members must travel to obtain water, the nature of the present water sources, efforts made to sanitize this water, and personal hygiene practices. We will return to these communities and, where possible, to the same households, approximately one to two years following the provision of clean water. This evaluation is intended to examine differences at the household level. These data, therefore, have been collected in such a way to allow them to be linked by specific households over time.