Flewelling, R. L.
; Ringwalt, C. L.
; Shamblen, S. R.
; Clark, H. K.; Harris, M. S.
; and Hanley, S. M. Substance Use & Misuse
, vol. 46, pgs. 1049-1059 (2011)Introduction: Recent national youth surveys suggest that alcohol availability plays a role in determining use. One measure of availability receiving recent attention is outlet density; however, few studies have examined the effects of outlet density in younger populations.
Methods: Data were collected from a national sample of the United States (N = 5,903) followed between 6th and 8th grades, as part of a study funded by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). Measures of outlet density were also acquired.
Results: Students in high off-site density communities increased their alcohol use; however, students attending schools in low outlet density communities had higher initial levels of alcohol use that remained relatively stable. Discussion: The implications and limitations of these findings are discussed.