Voas, R. B.
; Romano, E.
; Kelley-Baker, T.
; and Vishnuvajjala, R. Journal of Safety Research
, vol. 40, pgs. 77-83 (2009)PROBLEM: A substantial proportion of drivers arrested for DUI refuse the BAC test, thereby reducing the likelihood that they will be convicted and potentially increasing the number of high-risk multiple offenders contributing to alcohol-related crashes.
METHOD: This paper reviews the information on the current status of implied-consent laws (which impose a sanction on offenders who refuse the BAC test) in the 50 states and the other relevant traffic safety laws and policies that may influence state refusal rates.
RESULTS: Although there appears to be only a weak relationship between state refusal rates and crash rates, there is strong evidence that BAC test refusals significantly compromise the arrest, prosecution, and sentencing of DUI suspects and the overall enforcement of DUI laws in the United States. DISCUSSION: Laws and policies that may reduce the number of refusals are discussed. IMPACT ON INDUSTRY: Alcohol-related crash injuries are an important cost problem for U.S. industry because of property damage from crashes, crash injuries to employees that raise health costs, or the reduction of time on the job resulting from a highway injury.