Romano, E. O.
; Voas, R. B.
; and Tippets, A. S. Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
, vol. 5, issue 2, pgs. 119-137 (2006)This paper investigates the role of race/ethnicity, language skills (a proxy for acculturation among Hispanics in Arizona, California, NewMexico, and Texas), income, and education level on alcohol-related fatal motor vehicle crashes. Using the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS), we confirmed previous state-based studies showing that high income and education levels have a protective influence on alcohol-related fatal motor vehicle crashes. We also confirmed that language proficiency/ acculturation tends to increase the vulnerability of Hispanic women to alcohol-related fatalities. Differences in alcohol-related fatality rates across Hispanic subgroups are observed. Future reductions in alcohol- related traffic fatalities may require prevention policies that take into account existent variations in acculturation, income, and education among racial/ethnic groups and subgroups.