; Paschall, Mallie J.
; and Flewelling, Robert L. Prevention Science
, vol. 6, issue 2, pgs. 127-137 (2005)This study examines ethnic differences in relationships between a large number of risk factors and adolescent binge drinking with data collected from 14 to 17 year olds who participated in the 1999 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA). Logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine whether 39 risk factors in community, family, school, and peer-individual domains were differentially associated with past-30-day binge drinking among youth in ethnic minority groups (black, Hispanic and Asian) relative to whites. Forty-three percent (17) of the risk factors examined were differentially associated with binge drinking in at least one of the ethnic groups relative to whites. Most of these risk factors were more strongly associated with binge drinking among white adolescents than Hispanic and black youth, but not Asians. The direction of the relationships between these risk factors and binge drinking, however, was usually the same for whites and ethnic minority groups. A multivariate prediction model indicated that risk factors in the community, family, school, and peer-individual domains accounted for 27% of the variance in binge drinking for white adolescents, 22% for Hispanics, 10% for blacks, and 39% for Asians. These findings suggest that research is needed to identify additional risk factors that are associated with binge drinking among adolescents, particularly blacks, Hispanics and possibly other ethnic minority groups.