Frone, M.R.; Russell, M.
; and Cooper, M.L.
In Handbook on Job Stress [special issue], Journal of Social Behavior and Personality
pgs. 227-250 , (1991)
Editor(s): Perrewé, P.L.By adopting a broad ecological perspective, this study extends prior job stress research in two ways. First, we examine the independent predictive power of job stressors, family stressors, and work-family conflict in relation to two indicators of psychological distress (depression and somatic symptoms). Second, we examine the independent moderating influence of four psychosocial resources/vulnerabilities (social support, mastery, active coping style, and self-focused attention) on the relationships between stressors and psychological distress. Data were obtained via questionnaire from a sample of 596 employed individuals who were drawn from a random community sample. Results show that job stressors, family stressors, and work-family conflict each made an independent contribution to the prediction of psychological distress, even after adjusting for the potential confounding influence of several sociodemographic characteristics and the four psychosocial resources/vulnerabilities. Further, our results reveal that the only consistent moderator of the relationships between stressors and psychological distress is self-focused attention. As predicted, high levels of self-focused attention exacerbate the stressor--distress relationships. This finding both replicates and extends prior research examining the stress-moderating influence of self-focused attention. Implications for future stress research are discussed.